The white chicken is standing on the canal outlet.
Animal welfare, Information

Where do your eggs come from?

Each egg has a stamp that tells us under what conditions it was produced. However, it requires the ability to see the marketing claims behind the egg packs in order to be able to really find out the conditions under which the eggs found on the store shelves are laid.

The caging ban entered into force in the EU in 2012. However, it did not transfer the cages completely to history, as the change in the law made it possible to use egg cages equipped with eggs, which are also called hatchets. Since then, viral hoops have become the most common form of egg production in Finland. The first number of the egg found in the egg shows the egg production conditions and the number 3 means the hatchet.

A maximum of 13 chickens per square meter can be found in the cage and one cage usually lives around 50-60 chicken. This means that the hen in the hatchet has a space of 750 square centimeters, or about A4 sheets. The cage differs from the old-fashioned cage in that it offers the chicken some opportunities for genre-like behavior, in the form of a nest, a nose, a nail file, and a heap.

A maximum of 13 chickens per square meter can be found in the cage and one cage usually lives around 50-60 chicken. This means that the hen in the hatchet has a space of 750 square centimeters, or about A4 sheets.

The white chicken is standing on the canal outlet.

The ring has also been found to reduce the stranger's chatter compared to the old cage. In addition, ammonia concentrations harmful to the respiratory tract are lower in the hernia, because the manure can be cleaned during cages under the cages. In the hatchback chickens, the mortality of the chickens is lower than in the flat canals, but higher than in the floor slabs where the chickens move between layers placed in layers. Chickens do not live in the countryside, and it would seem that a mere floor area without levels above the floor has a negative impact on their well-being.

3 Cage Brush
Trade names: Virike, Traditional egg, Country egg

It should be noted, however, that the hatchet is, according to its name, a cage, ie a structure that severely restricts the movement of chicken. Lack of exercise may impair the chicken's skeleton and obstruction of movement adversely affects the animal's mental well-being. The hernia also modifies the chicken genotype behavior and, for example, its sinking behavior has been found to be deformed in the hernia. The large number of animals and stagnation undermine the chicken's ability to carry out gen- eral behavior. In addition, it makes it impossible to dodge and flee the cousins. There is also much to be desired in the excitement of the hoops, because the orcs are too shallow and too alert, and the artificial tufts are not exactly the same as the chicken genotype.

It should be noted, however, that the hatchet is, according to its name, a cage, ie a structure that severely restricts the movement of chicken.

Indeed, animal organizations have argued against these factors for a long time and, among other things, have put pressure on shops to abandon the sale of eggs produced there. Lidl has been the first to take the booth and divested the sale of hatching eggs.

Brown chicken side profile. Other chickens in the background.

Sitting on the bow reduces chicken stress

The opportunity to sit and rest on the nose is one of the most important things that promote chicken welfare. However, it is not irrelevant what kind of stallion is or where it is placed, because only the right kind of spokes in the right place are in the minds of the chickens and enable them to fulfill their species-specific behavioral needs.

Chickens use the worm most at night and are known to reduce their stress. Using the Orre would also seem to reduce the general fear of chickens. Applying to Orre for the night is based on the chicken's attempts to protect her from the beasts, making her feel safe.

Chickens use the worm most at night and are known to reduce their stress. Using the Orre would also seem to reduce the general fear of chickens.

The low-pitched runners do not run their case and chickens are almost always chosen instead of the shallow orphan. Also, such nests are not appropriate for feeling too cramped. The behavior of chickens is in many respects synchronized and they tend to seek out at the same time. Thus, the ors are most commonly used when each chicken has enough slave space at its disposal.

University of Edinburgh researchers Duncan, Appleby ja Hughes discovered in their study Effect of perch in laying cages on welfare and production of hensthat 99% of the chickens used the spindle when the slave space was 22,5 cm per chicken. When the space was only 15 cm per chicken, the occupancy rate of the slugs fell to 78 percent. In the hatchet, each chicken has only 15 cents at its disposal, which contributes to the fact that the birds do not feel comfortable sitting on the nose even though they have a strong innate need for it.

In one study, it was found that when the slave space was 22,5 cm per chicken, 99% of the chickens used the slug. When the space was only 15 cm per chicken, the occupancy rate of the slugs fell to 78 percent.

In addition, the hoops are usually only 45 cm high, so it is virtually impossible to locate the hooves high enough. I studied the welfare of hens LayWelAccording to the project, chickens choose the higher-lying oracle instead of the lower one whenever possible. In the study, the orcs were placed at an 23 cm and 63 cm height.

Six eggs in a purple cell.
Photo: congerdesign /pixabay.com

The cage is not the ethical choice for the animal

Food ethics means different things for different people. Here at Armenta Beness we approach the concept of animal welfare and genre behavior. As a result, we believe that keeping chickens in a cage does not meet the definition of ethics.

Therefore, it has been confusing to note that the most diverse ethical claims are printed on egg packs found on the store shelves. In one egg package, the cat is labeled with the letters "Step by step ethical virgin". We were left wondering about this argument because nothing will find out where this particular egg would be more ethical. All the information found inside and outside the package assumes that these eggs have been produced in fairly typical hatchback channels, and the packaging texts do not provide any justification for the ethical claims.

It has been confusing to see how a variety of ethical claims have appeared on the egg shells found in the store shelves.

We also noted that a marketing label for an egg pack had appeared near the egg shelf in a trade, where their chickens were told to be well-off, as they lay in small group channels (the ring of synagogue), where they have a nesting nest, a spindle, and a litter that they can peck and poke. The advertising sign is illustrated with a cartoon and cartoon style image of a human-dressed chicken on a lawn playing tennis. Below the image, read "ERROR".

In addition to the fact that the claim in the sign can be considered misleading as regards animal welfare, the illustration used on the sign and the images it creates are also problematic. The chicken when not in their hoops really doesn't have much space to snatch. In addition to the fact that the tennis game is not at all essential to the chicken's essential behavioral needs, the hunt for life as a habitat also restricts the implementation of the behavioral needs of the species listed on the advertising label, and therefore of great importance for chicken welfare.

The fact that this particular sign can be flushed out of the commercial wall in 2019 is also problematic because the egg brand in question has already announced in 2016 that it will completely abandon the sale of hatching eggs. The sign is therefore mercilessly outdated in this respect and placed in a shelf selling eggs produced in the floor cans of that brand. We therefore call on stores for accuracy and criticality in the kind of marketing communications they give space and visibility between their shelves.

We appeal to stores for accuracy and criticality in what kind of marketing communications they give space and visibility.

In practice, marketing images that play a powerful role in the imagery of the examples below lead to misleading claims and promises about products. When a product-related primary message is based on ethics and is figuratively linked to a green rural idyll, the egg buyer may not question these presented product claims and promises, but confidently understand that chickens can do well when the package says so.

The fact that, in connection with hatching eggs, we talk about, among other things, small group breeding, houseplants, earthworms, traditional eggs, and the existence of excitement for their quality, gives the production form a more rosy image. Also, local food does not guarantee the ethics of the egg, as in shops and local food chains, hatchback eggs are not sold as local food, and they do not differ from other eggs produced by the hatchback in terms of animal welfare.

The fact that, in connection with hatching eggs, we talk about, among other things, small group breeding, houseplants, earthworms, traditional eggs and the existence of excitement for their quality, gives the production form a more rosy image.

All kinds of marketing claims such as those mentioned above and the misconceptions they create are likely to obscure the idea of ​​what is ethical egg production and what is not. The misleading image marketing of hatching eggs is not about individual cases, but it seems to be a common practice. This makes us worrying and misleading marketing claims particularly aggravating.

Infographics of egg production.

There are more ethical alternatives

Each egg has a stamp with the first number indicating the conditions under which it was produced. It is not just a negligible number, but it contains a lot of information about the welfare of chickens. Looking at the eggs stamp, we can target our eyes behind the marketing lamentations and the rhetoric and get information on the conditions under which the eggs are laid.

0 Organic
Product Names: Organic Egg, Organic Egg

Organic chickens live in flooring which has been set to meet organic production criteria. Organic egg production is an EU-controlled activity and organic products must have the EU green leaf code, the country of origin of the product and the organic inspection body symbol.

There must be a maximum of 6 chickens per square meter in the organic canal and a maximum of 3 000 birds in one channel. The organic channel should have laying nests, orcs and slave space at least 18 cm per chicken. There must also be windows in the building that cover 5% of the floor area. In addition, at least a quarter of the floor area is covered with litter, allowing the species to behave in a typical way, such as hanging and bathing.

Organic canoes have free access to the outdoor area whenever the weather allows, from May to June to October.

Organic canoes have free access to the outdoor area whenever the weather allows, from May to June to October. The outdoor space must be at least 4 m² per chicken. At least 50% of the outdoor space consists of a pasture area with grass, trees and shrubs. Trees and shrubs provide shelter for hens, which they may wish to seek. If there are no trees or shrubs in the outdoor space, similar shelters should be provided, for example, in the form of shelter structures built from straw bales.

1 Outdoor Chest
Trade Names: Outer Egg, Free Range Egg

The outdoor canal is a floor or flooring channel, with chickens having the opportunity to spend the day outside the year. The outdoor canal birds must have an outdoor space of 4m² per hen and have an outdoor area with pasture areas practically subject to the same requirements as the outdoor area of ​​organic hens. In the case of indoor areas, the regulations for floor and floor flooring are complied with in outdoor areas.

Chickens living in an outdoor canal must be kept indoors for up to 12 weeks a year, for example, due to weather conditions.

Chickens kept in outdoor canals feed on conventional feed, and there is no need to have windows in the duct. Chickens living in the outdoor area may be kept indoors for up to 12 weeks a year, if necessary due to the weather, for example.

The brown chicken looks at the camera. Other chickens in the background.

2 Floor mat
Trade Names: Free Chicken Egg, Eggshell, Domestic Egg

In the floor channel, the chickens do not live in cages, but they run on the floor of a free canal. At least one third of the floor area in the oak channel is dry and up to ⅔ consists of a grid made of wood, plastic or metal. There must be no more than 9 chickens per square meter in the floor channel and have laying hatches and slots. They have a slice of 15 cm per chicken.

In the floor channel, the chicken has the ability to move and shovel in ways typical of its species. In addition, the orcs are higher than the clusters, which is better suited to their needs.

However, in the floor channel, chickens often live in the flocks of thousands of chickens, which differs significantly from their natural flock, which would cover up to a few dozen individuals. In addition, a high stocking density makes it difficult for some of the chickens to have behavioral patterns, such as keeping the distance from the food to the breeders. Also, a flat floor area alone is not a very genealogical environment for the hen, but it is basically quite stressful to the ground.

Kerroslattiakanala

The second, and increasingly common, form of floor channel is a layered floor channel, where various functions, such as food, beverage and nesting places, and orcs, are placed on different levels between which the hens jump and fly.

Compared to a standard floor channel solution, the floor floor channel provides the chicken with more chances to choose from. The ability to seek ground-level levels creates a sense of security for the chicken, as it tends to catch up on the safety of predators. As a result, the existence of layers reduces stress on chickens, especially at night. The superimposed layers increase the space occupied by the chickens, which also means that the number of birds can be higher than in a conventional floor channel. The number of chickens varies depending on the number of layers in the floor slab and how much floor space the birds have at their disposal.

The conditions under which future eggs are reared are of great importance for their well-being. They should therefore be grown in a similar environment as they are intended to lay in the egg.

The conditions under which the future eggs, or juveniles, are grown, are of great importance for their well-being. Youngsters should therefore be grown in the same environment as they are intended to lay, so that they become accustomed to varying surfaces and differences in height between different elements. For example, cow breeding in adolescents increases the likelihood of bone fractures in the bedspread channel. In cage breeding, the development of the spatial perception of birds remains inadequate, which increases the risk of accidents in situations requiring flying or jumping.

The Animal Welfare Center has prepared Animal as food - The Consumer Guide website, where you can learn about the different forms of egg production. The website can also calculate how buying chicken eggs produced in different ways affects your own economy.

Compared to many other products, quite a lot of information is available on egg production methods. While this is not the worst case for eggs in this respect, the actual animal welfare labeling could help you make even better and more responsible choices as a consumer. However, you can already get started by looking at the marketing claims and the rhetoric and by weighing what kind of egg production you want to contribute to.

The chickens present in the photos live in a small home appliance. Household duct means a chicken in which a person keeps a few chickens and produces a small amount of eggs for his own use.

The chickens appearing in the photos have access all year round and have the appropriate hives and necks available. In addition, the flock includes one cock whose presence keeps the chickens calm.