Sheep flock in pasture.
Animal welfare, Information

Favors Finnish at Easter table

Easter and Sheep! Most of the meat from sheep and lambs imported into Finland, ie less than one year old, comes from New Zealand. However, where sheep are grazing all year round in green landscapes, New Zealand's sheep economy is associated with many problematic issues that do not belong to Finnish lamb production.


1.In New Zealand, the big problem is parasites and insects, the amount of which is not controlled by frostbite. Flies are eager to lay on the back of the sheep, where the hair fades and the stools stick to the hairpins.

As a result, the lambs' tails are truncated to an 4-7 centimeter, either by cutting with a hot iron or by tightening with a rubber band. A rubber band tightened around the tail, with the tail in time, causes death and falls off. No pain relief is used. The sheep reared in Finland are, as a rule, flock-like, while in New Zealand sheep are long-tailed.

The resort some very extreme vahvakarvaisilla sheep breeds, such as merino be, the back side of the skin is removed for the same reason. The operation is known as mulesing. In other races, this most often dreaded term refers to the further thinning of the hairs of the supine region in addition to the normal keratinous routine.


2.In New Zealand, rams are often used to castrate, depending on the age of the sheep farm. The castration is usually done with rubber bands. In Finland sheep are not routinely castrated, although it is legal.


3.After landing on the plant, the animals in New Zealand are largely left to their own fortune. According to a British study, the most common factors affecting sheep mortality are weather conditions, lamb control and the formation of basal ligaments.

Roughly, this means that if mothers and lambs do not get in peace, there is a risk of 'orphans' that mothers do not recognize. In New Zealand, lamb mortality moves by 20%, with worst-case lamb deaths up to half of those born alive. In Finland, the alarm limit is considered to be 7% lamb mortality.


So if you marry a lamb at the Easter table, we recommend Finnish. Nice Easter time for everyone!


Photo: MabelAmber / pixabay.com

The white chicken is standing on the canal outlet.
Animal welfare, Information

Where do your eggs come from?

Each egg has a stamp that tells us under what conditions it was produced. However, it requires the ability to see the marketing claims behind the egg packs in order to be able to really find out the conditions under which the eggs found on the store shelves are laid.

The caging ban entered into force in the EU in 2012. However, it did not transfer the cages completely to history, as the change in the law made it possible to use egg cages equipped with eggs, which are also called hatchets. Since then, viral hoops have become the most common form of egg production in Finland. The first number of the egg found in the egg shows the egg production conditions and the number 3 means the hatchet.

A maximum of 13 chickens per square meter can be found in the cage and one cage usually lives around 50-60 chicken. This means that the hen in the hatchet has a space of 750 square centimeters, or about A4 sheets. The cage differs from the old-fashioned cage in that it offers the chicken some opportunities for genre-like behavior, in the form of a nest, a nose, a nail file, and a heap.

A maximum of 13 chickens per square meter can be found in the cage and one cage usually lives around 50-60 chicken. This means that the hen in the hatchet has a space of 750 square centimeters, or about A4 sheets.

The white chicken is standing on the canal outlet.

The ring has also been found to reduce the stranger's chatter compared to the old cage. In addition, ammonia concentrations harmful to the respiratory tract are lower in the hernia, because the manure can be cleaned during cages under the cages. In the hatchback chickens, the mortality of the chickens is lower than in the flat canals, but higher than in the floor slabs where the chickens move between layers placed in layers. Chickens do not live in the countryside, and it would seem that a mere floor area without levels above the floor has a negative impact on their well-being.

3 Cage Brush
Trade names: Virike, Traditional egg, Country egg

It should be noted, however, that the hatchet is, according to its name, a cage, ie a structure that severely restricts the movement of chicken. Lack of exercise may impair the chicken's skeleton and obstruction of movement adversely affects the animal's mental well-being. The hernia also modifies the chicken genotype behavior and, for example, its sinking behavior has been found to be deformed in the hernia. The large number of animals and stagnation undermine the chicken's ability to carry out gen- eral behavior. In addition, it makes it impossible to dodge and flee the cousins. There is also much to be desired in the excitement of the hoops, because the orcs are too shallow and too alert, and the artificial tufts are not exactly the same as the chicken genotype.

It should be noted, however, that the hatchet is, according to its name, a cage, ie a structure that severely restricts the movement of chicken.

Indeed, animal organizations have argued against these factors for a long time and, among other things, have put pressure on shops to abandon the sale of eggs produced there. Lidl has been the first to take the booth and divested the sale of hatching eggs.

Brown chicken side profile. Other chickens in the background.

Sitting on the bow reduces chicken stress

The opportunity to sit and rest on the nose is one of the most important things that promote chicken welfare. However, it is not irrelevant what kind of stallion is or where it is placed, because only the right kind of spokes in the right place are in the minds of the chickens and enable them to fulfill their species-specific behavioral needs.

Chickens use the worm most at night and are known to reduce their stress. Using the Orre would also seem to reduce the general fear of chickens. Applying to Orre for the night is based on the chicken's attempts to protect her from the beasts, making her feel safe.

Chickens use the worm most at night and are known to reduce their stress. Using the Orre would also seem to reduce the general fear of chickens.

The low-pitched runners do not run their case and chickens are almost always chosen instead of the shallow orphan. Also, such nests are not appropriate for feeling too cramped. The behavior of chickens is in many respects synchronized and they tend to seek out at the same time. Thus, the ors are most commonly used when each chicken has enough slave space at its disposal.

University of Edinburgh researchers Duncan, Appleby ja Hughes discovered in their study Effect of perch in laying cages on welfare and production of hensthat 99% of the chickens used the spindle when the slave space was 22,5 cm per chicken. When the space was only 15 cm per chicken, the occupancy rate of the slugs fell to 78 percent. In the hatchet, each chicken has only 15 cents at its disposal, which contributes to the fact that the birds do not feel comfortable sitting on the nose even though they have a strong innate need for it.

In one study, it was found that when the slave space was 22,5 cm per chicken, 99% of the chickens used the slug. When the space was only 15 cm per chicken, the occupancy rate of the slugs fell to 78 percent.

In addition, the hoops are usually only 45 cm high, so it is virtually impossible to locate the hooves high enough. I studied the welfare of hens LayWelAccording to the project, chickens choose the higher-lying oracle instead of the lower one whenever possible. In the study, the orcs were placed at an 23 cm and 63 cm height.

Six eggs in a purple cell.
Photo: congerdesign /pixabay.com

The cage is not the ethical choice for the animal

Food ethics means different things for different people. Here at Armenta Beness we approach the concept of animal welfare and genre behavior. As a result, we believe that keeping chickens in a cage does not meet the definition of ethics.

Therefore, it has been confusing to note that the most diverse ethical claims are printed on egg packs found on the store shelves. In one egg package, the cat is labeled with the letters "Step by step ethical virgin". We were left wondering about this argument because nothing will find out where this particular egg would be more ethical. All the information found inside and outside the package assumes that these eggs have been produced in fairly typical hatchback channels, and the packaging texts do not provide any justification for the ethical claims.

It has been confusing to see how a variety of ethical claims have appeared on the egg shells found in the store shelves.

We also noted that a marketing label for an egg pack had appeared near the egg shelf in a trade, where their chickens were told to be well-off, as they lay in small group channels (the ring of synagogue), where they have a nesting nest, a spindle, and a litter that they can peck and poke. The advertising sign is illustrated with a cartoon and cartoon style image of a human-dressed chicken on a lawn playing tennis. Below the image, read "ERROR".

In addition to the fact that the claim in the sign can be considered misleading as regards animal welfare, the illustration used on the sign and the images it creates are also problematic. The chicken when not in their hoops really doesn't have much space to snatch. In addition to the fact that the tennis game is not at all essential to the chicken's essential behavioral needs, the hunt for life as a habitat also restricts the implementation of the behavioral needs of the species listed on the advertising label, and therefore of great importance for chicken welfare.

The fact that this particular sign can be flushed out of the commercial wall in 2019 is also problematic because the egg brand in question has already announced in 2016 that it will completely abandon the sale of hatching eggs. The sign is therefore mercilessly outdated in this respect and placed in a shelf selling eggs produced in the floor cans of that brand. We therefore call on stores for accuracy and criticality in the kind of marketing communications they give space and visibility between their shelves.

We appeal to stores for accuracy and criticality in what kind of marketing communications they give space and visibility.

In practice, marketing images that play a powerful role in the imagery of the examples below lead to misleading claims and promises about products. When a product-related primary message is based on ethics and is figuratively linked to a green rural idyll, the egg buyer may not question these presented product claims and promises, but confidently understand that chickens can do well when the package says so.

The fact that, in connection with hatching eggs, we talk about, among other things, small group breeding, houseplants, earthworms, traditional eggs, and the existence of excitement for their quality, gives the production form a more rosy image. Also, local food does not guarantee the ethics of the egg, as in shops and local food chains, hatchback eggs are not sold as local food, and they do not differ from other eggs produced by the hatchback in terms of animal welfare.

The fact that, in connection with hatching eggs, we talk about, among other things, small group breeding, houseplants, earthworms, traditional eggs and the existence of excitement for their quality, gives the production form a more rosy image.

All kinds of marketing claims such as those mentioned above and the misconceptions they create are likely to obscure the idea of ​​what is ethical egg production and what is not. The misleading image marketing of hatching eggs is not about individual cases, but it seems to be a common practice. This makes us worrying and misleading marketing claims particularly aggravating.

Infographics of egg production.

There are more ethical alternatives

Each egg has a stamp with the first number indicating the conditions under which it was produced. It is not just a negligible number, but it contains a lot of information about the welfare of chickens. Looking at the eggs stamp, we can target our eyes behind the marketing lamentations and the rhetoric and get information on the conditions under which the eggs are laid.

0 Organic
Product Names: Organic Egg, Organic Egg

Organic chickens live in flooring which has been set to meet organic production criteria. Organic egg production is an EU-controlled activity and organic products must have the EU green leaf code, the country of origin of the product and the organic inspection body symbol.

There must be a maximum of 6 chickens per square meter in the organic canal and a maximum of 3 000 birds in one channel. The organic channel should have laying nests, orcs and slave space at least 18 cm per chicken. There must also be windows in the building that cover 5% of the floor area. In addition, at least a quarter of the floor area is covered with litter, allowing the species to behave in a typical way, such as hanging and bathing.

Organic canoes have free access to the outdoor area whenever the weather allows, from May to June to October.

Organic canoes have free access to the outdoor area whenever the weather allows, from May to June to October. The outdoor space must be at least 4 m² per chicken. At least 50% of the outdoor space consists of a pasture area with grass, trees and shrubs. Trees and shrubs provide shelter for hens, which they may wish to seek. If there are no trees or shrubs in the outdoor space, similar shelters should be provided, for example, in the form of shelter structures built from straw bales.

1 Outdoor Chest
Trade Names: Outer Egg, Free Range Egg

The outdoor canal is a floor or flooring channel, with chickens having the opportunity to spend the day outside the year. The outdoor canal birds must have an outdoor space of 4m² per hen and have an outdoor area with pasture areas practically subject to the same requirements as the outdoor area of ​​organic hens. In the case of indoor areas, the regulations for floor and floor flooring are complied with in outdoor areas.

Chickens living in an outdoor canal must be kept indoors for up to 12 weeks a year, for example, due to weather conditions.

Chickens kept in outdoor canals feed on conventional feed, and there is no need to have windows in the duct. Chickens living in the outdoor area may be kept indoors for up to 12 weeks a year, if necessary due to the weather, for example.

The brown chicken looks at the camera. Other chickens in the background.

2 Floor mat
Trade Names: Free Chicken Egg, Eggshell, Domestic Egg

In the floor channel, the chickens do not live in cages, but they run on the floor of a free canal. At least one third of the floor area in the oak channel is dry and up to ⅔ consists of a grid made of wood, plastic or metal. There must be no more than 9 chickens per square meter in the floor channel and have laying hatches and slots. They have a slice of 15 cm per chicken.

In the floor channel, the chicken has the ability to move and shovel in ways typical of its species. In addition, the orcs are higher than the clusters, which is better suited to their needs.

However, in the floor channel, chickens often live in the flocks of thousands of chickens, which differs significantly from their natural flock, which would cover up to a few dozen individuals. In addition, a high stocking density makes it difficult for some of the chickens to have behavioral patterns, such as keeping the distance from the food to the breeders. Also, a flat floor area alone is not a very genealogical environment for the hen, but it is basically quite stressful to the ground.

Kerroslattiakanala

The second, and increasingly common, form of floor channel is a layered floor channel, where various functions, such as food, beverage and nesting places, and orcs, are placed on different levels between which the hens jump and fly.

Compared to a standard floor channel solution, the floor floor channel provides the chicken with more chances to choose from. The ability to seek ground-level levels creates a sense of security for the chicken, as it tends to catch up on the safety of predators. As a result, the existence of layers reduces stress on chickens, especially at night. The superimposed layers increase the space occupied by the chickens, which also means that the number of birds can be higher than in a conventional floor channel. The number of chickens varies depending on the number of layers in the floor slab and how much floor space the birds have at their disposal.

The conditions under which future eggs are reared are of great importance for their well-being. They should therefore be grown in a similar environment as they are intended to lay in the egg.

The conditions under which the future eggs, or juveniles, are grown, are of great importance for their well-being. Youngsters should therefore be grown in the same environment as they are intended to lay, so that they become accustomed to varying surfaces and differences in height between different elements. For example, cow breeding in adolescents increases the likelihood of bone fractures in the bedspread channel. In cage breeding, the development of the spatial perception of birds remains inadequate, which increases the risk of accidents in situations requiring flying or jumping.

The Animal Welfare Center has prepared Animal as food - The Consumer Guide website, where you can learn about the different forms of egg production. The website can also calculate how buying chicken eggs produced in different ways affects your own economy.

Compared to many other products, quite a lot of information is available on egg production methods. While this is not the worst case for eggs in this respect, the actual animal welfare labeling could help you make even better and more responsible choices as a consumer. However, you can already get started by looking at the marketing claims and the rhetoric and by weighing what kind of egg production you want to contribute to.

The chickens present in the photos live in a small home appliance. Household duct means a chicken in which a person keeps a few chickens and produces a small amount of eggs for his own use.

The chickens appearing in the photos have access all year round and have the appropriate hives and necks available. In addition, the flock includes one cock whose presence keeps the chickens calm.

The picture shows hanging fur coats on the rails.
Animal welfare, Information

Exactly on winter jackies

Winter is coming and the little ones are already here in the south. This means that you need to prepare for the whip and whip by the appropriate equipment.

Garment trades were circumvented by our CEO They bonga bunks of winter-coated winter coats labeling the origins of the materials of animal origin used, and even the methods of breeding fur. Some clothing manufacturers, on the other hand, clearly state that they do not wear genuine fur in their clothing.

Here at Armenta Beness, we are delighted with such labeling because, for example, the origin of fur and sleep products has been scarcely available and the difference between genuine and artificial fur has practically been virtually impossible to do. With such labeling, consumers will have a completely new opportunity to make informed decisions based on their own values.

However, the labels used in the clothing industry are not currently associated with any established practices or standards, but their existence and presentation are mainly individual and trade-specific. In our CEO's eyes, two different garment manufacturers with their markings came in and we look at the issue through these two examples.

The picture shows hanging fur coats on the rails.

Real fur or not?

Fur is perhaps one of the most controversial materials used in clothing. Consumers have long been concerned with the quality and origin of materials used in uncertainty and, in order to overcome this problem, some manufacturers provide information about the materials they use in the form of various coats and tags attached to the jacket.

parajumpers that is, PJS uses its grips openly from genuine fur and is also shown on the label of their coats.

A product pad attached to the Parajumpers branded jacket.

The PJS mark on the jacket attached to the jacket can be found in the detailed description:
"Genuine lining.
Rabbit / Oryctolagus curiculus
Country of Origin: China
The fur comes from farmed and web-grown cages.

This fur is not recycled material and is not dyed, bleached or artificially added. The liner is made of one piece of fur and has not been stacked.
Genuine fur brooch
Finnish raccoon dog / Nyctereutes procyonoides
Country of Origin: Finland
The fur comes from farmed and web-grown cages.
This fur is not recycled material and is not dyed, bleached or artificially added. The collar is made of one piece of fur and has not been stacked. "

Save the Duck The sign indicates that it has abandoned the use of animal-derived materials and clearly indicates it even on the sheets attached to their jackets. This is, from the point of view of consumers, very welcome information, for example, a fake fur coat may be visually difficult, if not impossible to distinguish from genuine. In that case, without proper labeling, a person can not be fully sure of what kind of materials he has used for his coat.

The product data sheet found on the image of the Save the Duck branded jacket.

There is a text on the Save the Duck coat:
"SAVE THE DUCK
We respect animals.
100% of artificial fur "

The origin of the downfall is considered

It may be difficult to find out about the origin of the sleeping habits used in clothes, pillows and covers. According to some information, at least, both Chinese and Hungarian descendants of origin would, as a rule, originate from living wretched birds. Overall, however, the area is poorly supervised, and there is no accurate information on the prevalence of live birds. The information available is contradictory, and the estimates made by the different bodies vary considerably in some places.

According to her own words, Parajumpers only uses herd as a by-product of meat. The company claims to require evidence from every downtrodden broker and a signed statement that the dowry really comes from the food industry and not from live-borne birds. PJS: According to all the down to them, the future must also be a third, independent party certified.

For example, The North Face brand, popular in Finland, is committed to the Textile Exchange organization RDS-certificate and has recently abandoned the use of genuine fur.

Cruelty Free Down Challenge has challenged garment manufacturers to take measures to end the gnats and ducks' slaughtering and live purring. On the pages of the challenge, comparable data are available on how successful manufacturers have succeeded in their goals.


There is much to be discussed about the materials used in wintertime materials. Therefore, when shopping around, you should definitely take a look at the hanging locks in the jacket and look at what kind of information manufacturers offer their products. However, when reading lids you should be critical. For example, a hunted wild-boar jackal is usually not a better option for caged fur, as scallops are caught with long-lasting pain-causing leg cramps.

Here at Armenta Beness, we support transparency and transparency and we hope that the origin markings will gain a foothold in the clothing industry too!

Porsas walks towards the camera and looks at the camera.
Animal welfare, Information

Ethical ham is a Christmas table crown

Now that the time of year comes when the Christmas table comes to our thoughts and we begin to design what kinds of delights our Christmas table will come to grow up. Can you find your ethical ham this Christmas?

There are many factors behind the swine's well-being

Have you ever thought about the circumstances in which your Christmas gossip grows and what factors affect its well-being? And what should be considered if he wants his Christmas table to have a ham that has lived the best life possible?

So it's good to start thinking about the factors related to the wellbeing of the pig and what this is all about when it comes to the welfare of the breeding ground. Pig's well-being is a sum of many things, and it is influenced by, for example, the methods used to cure, the number and quality of the litter, the temperature, and the actions of the pigs, such as the castration of bearded ducks.

Porsas walks towards the camera and looks at the camera.

Hamstring vs. Freefall

Swine production cage rearing it is about teat and thigh jackets.

Tiineytyshäkkiin the slayer is placed for siblings and about a month afterwards to ensure that they are pregnant. In the pouch bag, however, the slayer is put in order to save space and not to lie down when lying to the litter. The shed has spent on average 4-5 weeks in the Pocket Cocker, with the law limit of 35 per day. The use of both treadmill and straw hatches is the most common form of production in Finland and in the world. In Finland, renunciation of strains of tinnitus has been discussed during the reform of the Animal Welfare Act.

Stubbornness and thorax are structures that strongly restrict the snout's ability to move and turn. In addition, the sausage cake prevents the sow from building a nest where it has a strong intrinsic need when the piglet approaches. The use of cramps and cuttings in cages is often difficult due to manure removal systems and therefore insufficient for animal welfare.

Stubbornness and thorax are structures that strongly restrict the snout's ability to move and turn. In addition, the sausage cake prevents the sow from building a nest where it has a strong intrinsic need when the piglet approaches.

To the point that the cages directly affect the ability of the slayer to pursue their genuinely behavioral needs, the cage-limiting freedom of movement of the slayer has been found to have adverse effects on snooping. When sows get in motion, it secretes more oxytocin in connection with pigmentation, which is an essential hormone for the onset and progression of pigs. Abundant excretion of oxytocin, in turn, improves the progression of pigmentation, accelerates pigmentation, exits afterwards, and promotes recovery from rebounding. If sows are denied the opportunity to move, the secretion of oxytocin is weakened. The same phenomenon can be observed, for example, in cows and humans, for whom oxytocin also plays a key role in the onset and onset of labor.

On this basis, the cages, and in particular the features that restrict their freedom of movement, can be said to increase the stress of the mother, to weaken its well-being and also to reflect the well-being of the pigs.

To the point that the cages directly affect the ability of the slayer to pursue their genuinely behavioral needs, the cage-limiting freedom of movement of the slayer has been found to have adverse effects on snooping.

Vapaaporsituksella refers to a method in which a sow has a cage area instead of a cage where there should be enough room and the right conditions for pigmentation. In clearance, the space must be at least 5m² and with organic branches at least 7,5 m² per sow.

In a free litter box, the sow should have plenty of litter, from which it builds the nest for his pigs. The free-throw box also has a separate poultry room, the warm area for piglets. The optimum design of the free limb can be used to influence the slayer's use of the penis and thus keep the piglet mortality as low as possible.

Hockey hockey has traditionally been considered a preferred alternative to free-throwing in casualties. However, studies on this subject do not fully support this claim. Studies have shown that pig mortality remains at the same level in both the cage and the free limbs, as long as the sow has enough space at his disposal in free throwing.

Captivity refers to a method in which a sow has a cage area instead of a cage where there should be enough space and the right conditions for snooping.

The sow stands on the shoulder straps and the pigs rotate around it.

Free group pass

As an ideal alternative to a cage run you should be able to keep it free group betting.

In a free group pass, several sows live and pound in one state and are not isolated from each other. The method conforms to the natural pig behavior of the pigs, where the retired sowder returns to the flock in his own condition when his brothers are two weeks old. In a free group pass, pigs are initially considered in their own sow and bitches, separated from other sows and their after-growth. Sows have the opportunity to travel freely between common spaces and their own stalls.

Pigs, in turn, get into common facilities at the age of two weeks when they naturally start to contact each other. At that time, they are also big enough and agile to cross the threshold between the pen and the common spaces, keeping them separate from other pigs during the first two weeks of life. As a result of this important step, the new ones will open up to a new, unconventional world with the common spaces and new potentials brought by them.

The free group passage is in line with the natural pigs behavior of pigs, where the retired sowder returns to the flock in his own condition when his brothers are two weeks old.

One of the absolute advantages of a free group pass is that piglets can form social relationships from the beginning and learn the alphabets of being with a pig, together with the species and the peers. The fact that piglets may be in contact with each other from the beginning, improve their social skills and reduce their vulnerability to later fighting with other pigs.

A group loser has been criticized for sneezing being aggressively susceptible to each other, causing serious damage to each other at worst. However, the underlying conflicts between sows can be seen as, for example, a lack of space and excitement, which makes them unable to avoid each other and avoid conflicts. Fighting between sows can be prevented by keeping the size of the group small and providing the animals with enough space, resources and opportunities to avoid each other. The origin of sows is also relevant to how much they have been able to learn and develop their social skills with their offspring and their peers during their pigs.

Appropriately carried out in a free group passage has an undeniable effect on the welfare of pigs. When a sow has the ability to move, tone, engage in social relationships and build a nest, its well-being increases. Successful housekeeping behavior is known to have a positive effect also on successful succession and, consequently, in breastfeeding. Enabling housekeeping does not only improve the sow but also the well-being of the pigs.

Appropriately carried out in a free group passage has an undeniable effect on the welfare of pigs.

Pigs lie lying on straw, one is up and looks at the camera.

Number and quality of drying

Sufficient amount the right kind of dirt has been found to have a significant effect on the wellbeing of the pig. In addition, the pig must be at his disposal chewable solid mushroom objects, such as wood chips or ropes. The law requires that pigs have access to both solid artificial items and daily toning material, but in normal production, their quantity and quality are far from adequate enough to meet the pig's needs.

Kuivikevaihtoehtoja There are a variety of such as straw, hemp, peat, sawdust and paper.

Driers offer there are thrills when it is offered a chance for toning. Toning is one of the most basic genetic behavioral needs of pigs and the opportunity to satisfy the genetic behavioral needs one of the most important individual factors for animal welfare.

preventive with its stimulating effect, behavioral disorders such as tail tailing.

In addition, they give the pig shed the opportunity to build a nest with a strong intrinsic need.

Some of the dry rollssuch as straw, also serve as a source of fiber, prevent stomach ulcer, and, besides tonking, allow an important mouth to satisfy the need for examination and chewing. The need for chewing is often unsuccessful in conventional brewing, as the mulching of the feed to the pig does not provide much to its mouth.

The law requires that pigs have access to both solid artificial items and daily toning material, but in normal production, their quantity and quality are far from adequate enough to meet the pig's needs.

Measures for pigs

Cut off the sleeves

Pigs' tail breaks are aimed at preventing the so-called tail biting, that is, to ensure that the piglets can not chew each other's skeet painfully to the blood. Stinging is classified as a behavioral disorder and it tells about the stress experienced by the pig. The stomach is usually performed without anesthesia and the pain caused by the procedure is not limited to the actual operation but is likely to cause chronic pain for months.

The existing EU directive prohibits the spearheading of pigs in the EU but allows it when no other means helps. Using this exemption, the pigs of pigs are cut in quite a few routines in many EU countries. In addition to Sweden and Lithuania, Finland is one of the few EU countries where the breakup of the tail is prohibited by national legislation and it does not happen at all.

By cutting off pigs' tail, the aim is to prevent the so-called tailing, ie to ensure that the piglets can not chew each other's snout painfully to the blood. Stinging is classified as a behavioral disorder and it tells about the stress experienced by the pig.

Because tailstock is primarily a stress disorder, alternatives to tail breaks can be found to shape the pig habitat. Strap does not in itself remove the underlying roots of a tail sting, but only makes it difficult to dislodge the stress and frustration of a pig on a friend's tail. However, finishing the snout does not make it impossible to tail off the tail, as the pigs can bite each other's snooped snout. There have been indications of, for example, Spain where truncated about 98,5% of the tail of pigs. In spite of the high cutoff rate, the Spanish slaughterhouses are more observers than tailing in Finland, where no tails are trimmed at all.

Instead, the stress of the pig can be reduced by providing them with enough straw or other tangible material, correct air temperature and quality, and good feeding design. Research has shown that the more pigs have straw or other virgin material, the less tails are found.

Healthy causes may also be the cause of stinging. In some studies, swine suffering from tonsillitis has been found to be more commonly associated with joint pain and tiny pertussis often suffering from mild airway infections.

Strap does not in itself remove the underlying roots of a tail sting, but only makes it difficult to dislodge the stress and frustration of a pig on a friend's tail.

Cutting or grinding teeth

The teeth of little puppets are shortened either cutting off tai by grinding and it is about to prevent the damages caused to sows.

The Finnish law allows for the shrinkage or grinding of teeth below the 7 24-year-old piglets shorter but can not be done as a routine measure, but only after all other means have been used and the proper care of the pigs and the sufficiency of the milk have been assured.

In practice, the measure has been found to be somewhat unnecessary in Finland and it is uncommon on domestic farms.

The teeth of the little puppets are shortened either by cutting or grinding, and they are used to prevent damages to the sows.

Severing and grinding teeth involves a serious risk of mouth and joint inflammation if the core of the tooth is revealed as a result of the procedure and opens the bacteria to the direct pathway to the body. For this reason, the teeth should remain smooth and smooth after cutting. The action must be carried out by a competent person only.

In Finnish organic production, only the grinding of pig teeth is allowed and can not be shortened by cutting.

It may also be possible to prevent damages to the emak by increasing the number of stimuli for piglets

Castor duck castration

boar piglets castration is aimed at preventing the smell of beef in the flesh of mature boars and unpleasant. In addition, non-castrated dog breeds begin to behave aggressively towards each other as a result of reaching maturity, which makes their breeding difficult and supports the need for castration. Castration is most often performed surgically, i.e., incision in piglet scrotum and manually removing the testes.

In Finland, the EU legislation on castration is followed by a law that allows a person of less than a week old to be castrated by a skilled person without anesthesia and pain relief. In Finland, however, most of the premises have moved to perform pain relief in the operation.

In Finland, the EU legislation on castration is followed by a law that allows a person of less than a week old to be castrated by a skilled person without anesthesia and pain relief. In Finland, however, a large part of the premises have moved to perform pain relief in the operation, ie using pain relievers that relieve post-operative pain but do not affect the pain during the operation. Castor duck casting is also permitted in organic production, but pain relief is an absolute prerequisite for the production of organic certification.

Alternatives without anesthesia and pain relief to castration are performed by either local anesthesia or anesthesia. Although it is associated with anesthesia, it is their own risks, and current methods do not always promote animal welfare. Surgical castration can also be replaced by immunocastration, which is a vaccine to be given by an injection of beef sting. The necessity of a dredging operation can also be overcome by slaughtering cattle ducks earlier than before, so that their meat does not have time to catch the bark smell.

Pigs lie on the shoulder straw and one has almost completely digged into the straw.

On the farm of Ollikkala, animal welfare is a priority

The pigs appearing in this article are the state of Ollikkala Olkipossujaby our Managing Director They went out recently to say hello. Olfactory Olkpussi is a good example of how animal welfare can be taken into account in pig production.

A recipe for the state of Olive Oil for the welfare of pigs

Very abundant straw drying

  • Enable pigs tonkimiskäyttäytymisen.
  • provides sows the opportunity to build a nest for his piglets.
  • Runs to warm up, among which the pigs are comfortable to dig.
  • Imee humidity and keep the indoor air fresh

In conventional production, the use of cuttings is often inadequate and pigs are only entitled to the minimum required by law, which usually means a handful of a day.

The right thrills

Ollikkala Olkiposusta has plenty of use wooden spindles and sometimes they get up to full small trees to their shoulder straps.

Conventional production, in turn, often uses hard plastics or metal constructions that are virtually unfit for pigs, which do not equally well meet the need for cheeks to chew as wood-like materials to which it can immerse their teeth.

Opportunity for genuinely behaved

Pigs live all of their life is free from the midst of straw, and they are never shut down in cages.

There are pigs princely space, freedom to move, and to choose their whereabouts.

Free The group passage conforms the pig's natural way to the pig and treats the post-natal.

Emo gets breastfeeding their piglets 9 per week, which is the natural age of pigs to leave the nest. The sow will even begin to wiggle their piglets when they are about 8 a week old. In normal production, piglets are weaned from the mother at about four weeks.

little Piglets live with their peers and peers, so they learn social skills, and do not deceive their life so easily in fighting with their peers. In addition, sows teach other important things for piglets such as eating solid food.

Piglets in Ollikkala is hardly flattened under her parents, because she has a carcass structure developed by her own people. It protects the piglets by guiding the sitter and making it easier to lie down.

The cow is approaching her pigs.

Efforts to live as stressful as possible

In addition to all the above, the stress levels of Ollikkala shoulder straps are kept as low as possible by the following means:

Pigs live all in the same group of their lives, with the same familiar cousins. They are not stressed at any stage by bringing new individuals into the group. Olfibs also live their whole life in Ollikkala, and do not move them from one place to another according to the growth phase.

In normal production, however, it is common for pigs to swap places and flocks according to the growth phase, which is likely to raise their stress levels.

On the farm of Ollikkala the surgical castration of bee stems has been abandoned and replaced by inoculation by immunocastration. The measure does not cause the animal any more pain than other vaccines to be given to it, so it is much less painful and stressful than the surgical castration.

Immunocastration works like a vaccine and is based on an antibody secreted by the pig's own immune defense, as a result of which the smell of boar does not form an immunocastric pig's meat, nor does it easily interfere with the breed.

The immunoconstration contains two vaccines, the first of which is given when the pig is at least 8 weeks of age and the other 4-6 weeks before the slaughter.

Immunocastral vaccine has no withdrawal time, and the eating of immunocastric bovine meat is completely safe.

When is the time, the pigs are transported densely loaded to the Paija estate compartment in Urjala. Paia's farm is also producing meat of Free Pig. The owner of the Ollikkala carries the pigs themselves to the slaughterhouse. Slaughter takes place unhurriedly and in a peaceful environment. Respect for the animal and the pursuit of stresslessness will therefore remain the beginning of the pig's life.

Result

  • Low poison mortality
  • Healthy and long-lasting sows
  • No fighting or stress behavior
  • Well-behaved animals

Pepper swallowed with olives

Tips for buying an ethical Christmas stick

Okay, the basic principles of ethical ham are held, but what exactly does it know which ham is really ethical and which is not it?

No worries! We met the matching tips for buying an ethical Christmas ring:

Know the origin of your ham. For example, in Germany or Denmark, it is customary to truncate the tail of pigs so that they do not chew the bloodshed of each other due to unsuitable living conditions for their species. In addition, there are many antibiotics used there. Find out about the small pig farms and their pork breeding principles. Make careful background work and afford enough time.

Be in time for traffic, as ethical Christmas kink can be sold quickly to completion.

Ask questions and ask for recommendations from other ethical ham buyers, for example in social media.

Inventories of trade the options available on the shelves. If pork pouch is found for example Free pork label, it is a product whose production has been taken into account in animal welfare. Free piggy meat products are part of well-stocked grocery stores around Finland.

If you do not find ethical ham in your neighborhood store, you can ask your merchant to see them in their selections. Many merchants are happy to listen to their customers' wishes and try to take them into account.

Be in time for traffic, as ethical christmas kitchens can be quickly sold out.

Ethical ham You may also consider buying it through direct mail distribution such as Reko-rinki or directly from the farm. In this case, thorough background work is absolutely essential, as local food does not automatically guarantee food.

In Finnish organic farms free throwing is an absolute prerequisite for granting an organic certificate and organic cheeses can in that respect be an important alternative to "ordinary" ham. However, it would be preferable to create a creature other than Christmas and Midsummer so that the production of organic products would remain profitable throughout the year, and producers would not run out of the off-season due to the low demand for their products.

Whether it is organic or Free Pig, year-round steady and as high demand is the best way to ensure availability of products and possible future improvement in supply.

Pigs lie together on the straw on straw.

Why ethically produced ham is more expensive than other pork?

The Creation and Free Piggy Pinks cost about 17 per kilogram, the usual price of ham when the price of 5-8 is known to the euro. The difference in prices is explained by the fact that the welfare of pigs will give rise to additional costs for the producer, which must be returned to the price of the finished product, ie the ham.

For example, in the pig farm in Ollikkala, pigs have far more room to move and reside than the average, ie the number of animals is much less than those in the same size would be permitted under the law. In a free group pass such as the Ollikkala farm, the poultry farms can not fit the same number of sows at a time as crates placed next to normal production. Thus, annually fewer piglets are produced in the holding than in conventional cage production.

For example, in the pig farm in Ollikkala, pigs have far more room to move and reside than the average, ie the number of animals is much less than those in the same size would be permitted under the law.

These factors also improve the well-being of pigs, which naturally increase the price of salt of ham, as investing in the welfare of pigs means that a smaller amount of pigs must receive such a price that covers the higher costs incurred in their care and allow for future animal welfare.

In addition, in normal production pigs are given a handful of grains per day, whereas in Ollikkala there is no saving in the amount of straw. In Ollikkala, pig farms are dried up with such a fine hand that pigs have the opportunity to crawl in the shells and dig into them. Abundant drying of pigs' pigs is a major concern for the welfare of pigs but increases the production costs for the producer. This is also reflected in higher kilograms of ethical ham.

When you buy ethical honey, you will not pay for anything but being part of ensuring the welfare of pigs and creating vital demand for ethical pork products.

Pigs lie together on the straw on straw.

Why is it worth the effort?

The acquisition of an ethical Christmas ring may make any background work seem to be affected by a cumbersome process. However, the effort is worthwhile because investing in the purchase of an ethical Christmas stick will at the same time give their contribution to the welfare of pigs.

Switching to ethical production is not a breakthrough for the producers, for example, the transition to free-throw can not be achieved by removing only cages and allowing sows to snoop. Changing the piggery piggery to a free horseshoe requires great changes in the pig structure and requires a reduction in the number of animals as well as possibly increased labor force. All this means from the point of view of the producer as well as large financial investments and the taking of big risks as to whether there is sufficient demand for ethically produced pork to cover increased production costs and investments made. So, for understandable reasons, pigmeat producers are cautious with such big decisions.

Switching to ethical production is not a breakthrough for the producers, for example, the transition to free-throw can not be achieved by removing only cages and allowing sows to snoop.

At present there are only a handful of ethical pork producers in Finland and they could fit in this country with Warranty. In this equation, the behavior of a consumer, that is, every hammer, becomes a key position as it produces products that consumers are buying. Although acquiring ethical ham may seem to be demanding at the moment, it may have a beneficial effect on longer. Every consumer can, by his own purchasing decisions, encourage pigmeat producers to invest in the welfare of their animals.

If there were more pigs in Finland, such as pig farms for free piglets and alternative castration methods, the availability of ethical pork would be improved and it would be easier to shop around than usual grocery stores while doing other shopping. In the long run, buying ethical pork and increasing its demand would thus greatly contribute to the lives of pigs, producers, traders and consumers alike.

The choices and purchasing decisions of every hamster will therefore affect the future of the pigs in Finland, so nothing more than purchasing pants for foot and ham shops!

The black cow rattles on the litter.
Animal welfare, Information, For organizations, Welfare Quality®

The Welfare Quality® Certification is an objective measure of animal welfare

The welfare of farm animals has been increasingly becoming a permanent topic for both producers and consumers alike, but the means of animal welfare assessment and ethical consumer decisions based on animal welfare have long been limited. Welfare Quality® is a robust scientific evidence-based international animal welfare assessment method that provides a standardized and objective tool for assessing the welfare of farm animals.

Welfare Quality (WQ) has been involved in dozens of European and South American expert bodies, including institutions and universities. The Welfare Quality® measurement method is currently being used to evaluate the well-being of cattle, pigs and poultry, and Armenta Beness's employees are the first certified WQ auditors in Finland.

The minimum level prescribed by law

Animal welfare is a complex entity based on the animal's experience of physical and psychological exertion. Simplified animal welfare can be improved by keeping negative experiences such as pain and hunger at a minimum and maximizing positive experiences.

The law defines the minimum level of animal welfare. In practice, this means that an animal suffers under conditions that do not meet the minimum requirements set by law. However, animal welfare can be invested more than the minimum level laid down by the law, for example by improving the understanding of the animal's genuinely specific needs and by better understanding the behavior of animals.

The black cow rattles on the litter.

The Welfare Quality® method of animal observation and evaluation based on them will look at the welfare of the animal from this point of view, providing the means for better understanding the animal's genetic needs and behaviors.

Animal welfare is a complex entity based on the animal's experience of physical and psychological exertion.

Welfare Quality® is not an automatic sign of animal welfare, but only identifies the current level of welfare of animals living on the farm. The actual animal welfare is created in co-operation with farms and dairies, while aiming at the next WQ audit. The key position is thus the objective long-term development work and the aspiration to improve their work towards the well-being of WQ farms, whereby they can always aim to be one step ahead in animal welfare.

Focus on the assessment of the habitat built in the observation of the animal

Where other prevalent animal welfare assessors have focused on determining animal welfare by assessing resources, i.e., its built-in habitat-related elements such as size and floor structures, Welfare Quality focuses on observing the animal itself in conjunction with audit-related state visits. The status quo is carried out by a certified external WQ auditor whose activity is overseen by the WQ Joint European Committee. Auditing is performed at certain intervals, supporting the development of farms.

Infographic from differences in different assessment methods.

Welfare Quality® is the first animal welfare measurement method that evaluates animal behavior through qualitative behavior assessment (QBA). It can be used to locate and determine the different causes and feelings behind the behavior of the animal. For example, a serene cow may be calm either positively in a nursing manner, or in a negative way, for example, by illness due to illness. WQ helps identify the different behavior patterns of animals, changes in behaviors, and differences between normal and abnormal behavior.

WQ helps identify the different behavior patterns of animals, changes in behaviors, and differences between normal and abnormal behavior.

The WQ audit defines the animal by observing how well it has been able to adapt to the given habitat. If an animal lives in a poor living environment, the problems caused by it can be seen on the basis of the external features and behaviors of the animal, such as poor bedding, abrasion, or difficulty sleeping. Thus, problems in the barn can be observed regardless of the structure, for example in cases where space is sufficient, but the quality of the litter bases, on the other hand, is desirable. The effect of the resource on animal welfare is thus looked at by observing the use of the animal, its essence and what it tells about the suitability of the resource, such as the sleeping space for the animal. The conclusions are therefore not based solely on the resource or its existence.

Infographic of differences in measurement methods.

It should also be noted that all factors affecting the well-being of the animal can not be evaluated by observing the animal. For example, adequate water supply is the safest way of assessing resources, as water shortages can not be detected by the animal itself until the situation meets the animal welfare code. Thus, it is most sensible to measure the amount, function and purity of water points instead of the fluidized state of the animal.

Infographics about the proportion of measurement methods detected by an animal through a WQ audit tour.

The Welfare Quality® audit evaluates four different areas of 12 using a different meter. They are based on five animals' freedom. Unlike other European well-being marks, WQ also takes into account the animal's emotional state.

Infographic of the animal's five freedoms.

Welfare Quality® audit.

The Welfare Quality® Certification marks the welfare level

The Welfare Quality® Surveyed State estimates the total value of the animal's welfare according to the co-ordinates of the four estimated areas.

In practice, the audit is carried out by checking each of the four subdivisions that define the animal's well-being and the 12 section of the animal, with the form designed for that purpose, and each of these four subdivisions is scored. The maximum number of points per region is 100 and the minimum score is 0.

Welfare Quality® audit ratings.

Why Welfare Quality®?

There are currently two Welfare Quality® certified dairies in Finland. It is likely that our country will have other facilities in which things are handled with the WQ certificate, but of course it can not be guaranteed. However, for WQ-certified premises and products, a consumer seeking ethical choices can be assured that animal welfare has been taken into account in production and audited by an independent third party. The existence of the Welfare Quality® Certification is therefore the benefit of both the producer, the consumer and the animal.