Now that the time of year comes when the Christmas table comes to our thoughts and we begin to design what kinds of delights our Christmas table will come to grow up. Can you find your ethical ham this Christmas?
There are many factors behind the swine's well-being
Have you ever thought about the circumstances in which your Christmas gossip grows and what factors affect its well-being? And what should be considered if he wants his Christmas table to have a ham that has lived the best life possible?
So it's good to start thinking about the factors related to the wellbeing of the pig and what this is all about when it comes to the welfare of the breeding ground. Pig's well-being is a sum of many things, and it is influenced by, for example, the methods used to cure, the number and quality of the litter, the temperature, and the actions of the pigs, such as the castration of bearded ducks.
Hamstring vs. Freefall
Swine production cage rearing it is about teat and thigh jackets.
Tiineytyshäkkiin the slayer is placed for siblings and about a month afterwards to ensure that they are pregnant. In the pouch bag, however, the slayer is put in order to save space and not to lie down when lying to the litter. The shed has spent on average 4-5 weeks in the Pocket Cocker, with the law limit of 35 per day. The use of both treadmill and straw hatches is the most common form of production in Finland and in the world. In Finland, renunciation of strains of tinnitus has been discussed during the reform of the Animal Welfare Act.
Stubbornness and thorax are structures that strongly restrict the snout's ability to move and turn. In addition, the sausage cake prevents the sow from building a nest where it has a strong intrinsic need when the piglet approaches. The use of cramps and cuttings in cages is often difficult due to manure removal systems and therefore insufficient for animal welfare.
Stubbornness and thorax are structures that strongly restrict the snout's ability to move and turn. In addition, the sausage cake prevents the sow from building a nest where it has a strong intrinsic need when the piglet approaches.
To the point that the cages directly affect the ability of the slayer to pursue their genuinely behavioral needs, the cage-limiting freedom of movement of the slayer has been found to have adverse effects on snooping. When sows get in motion, it secretes more oxytocin in connection with pigmentation, which is an essential hormone for the onset and progression of pigs. Abundant excretion of oxytocin, in turn, improves the progression of pigmentation, accelerates pigmentation, exits afterwards, and promotes recovery from rebounding. If sows are denied the opportunity to move, the secretion of oxytocin is weakened. The same phenomenon can be observed, for example, in cows and humans, for whom oxytocin also plays a key role in the onset and onset of labor.
On this basis, the cages, and in particular the features that restrict their freedom of movement, can be said to increase the stress of the mother, to weaken its well-being and also to reflect the well-being of the pigs.
To the point that the cages directly affect the ability of the slayer to pursue their genuinely behavioral needs, the cage-limiting freedom of movement of the slayer has been found to have adverse effects on snooping.
Vapaaporsituksella refers to a method in which a sow has a cage area instead of a cage where there should be enough room and the right conditions for pigmentation. In clearance, the space must be at least 5m² and with organic branches at least 7,5 m² per sow.
In a free litter box, the sow should have plenty of litter, from which it builds the nest for his pigs. The free-throw box also has a separate poultry room, the warm area for piglets. The optimum design of the free limb can be used to influence the slayer's use of the penis and thus keep the piglet mortality as low as possible.
Hockey hockey has traditionally been considered a preferred alternative to free-throwing in casualties. However, studies on this subject do not fully support this claim. Studies have shown that pig mortality remains at the same level in both the cage and the free limbs, as long as the sow has enough space at his disposal in free throwing.
Captivity refers to a method in which a sow has a cage area instead of a cage where there should be enough space and the right conditions for snooping.
Free group pass
As an ideal alternative to a cage run you should be able to keep it free group betting.
In a free group pass, several sows live and pound in one state and are not isolated from each other. The method conforms to the natural pig behavior of the pigs, where the retired sowder returns to the flock in his own condition when his brothers are two weeks old. In a free group pass, pigs are initially considered in their own sow and bitches, separated from other sows and their after-growth. Sows have the opportunity to travel freely between common spaces and their own stalls.
Pigs, in turn, get into common facilities at the age of two weeks when they naturally start to contact each other. At that time, they are also big enough and agile to cross the threshold between the pen and the common spaces, keeping them separate from other pigs during the first two weeks of life. As a result of this important step, the new ones will open up to a new, unconventional world with the common spaces and new potentials brought by them.
The free group passage is in line with the natural pigs behavior of pigs, where the retired sowder returns to the flock in his own condition when his brothers are two weeks old.
One of the absolute advantages of a free group pass is that piglets can form social relationships from the beginning and learn the alphabets of being with a pig, together with the species and the peers. The fact that piglets may be in contact with each other from the beginning, improve their social skills and reduce their vulnerability to later fighting with other pigs.
A group loser has been criticized for sneezing being aggressively susceptible to each other, causing serious damage to each other at worst. However, the underlying conflicts between sows can be seen as, for example, a lack of space and excitement, which makes them unable to avoid each other and avoid conflicts. Fighting between sows can be prevented by keeping the size of the group small and providing the animals with enough space, resources and opportunities to avoid each other. The origin of sows is also relevant to how much they have been able to learn and develop their social skills with their offspring and their peers during their pigs.
Appropriately carried out in a free group passage has an undeniable effect on the welfare of pigs. When a sow has the ability to move, tone, engage in social relationships and build a nest, its well-being increases. Successful housekeeping behavior is known to have a positive effect also on successful succession and, consequently, in breastfeeding. Enabling housekeeping does not only improve the sow but also the well-being of the pigs.
Appropriately carried out in a free group passage has an undeniable effect on the welfare of pigs.
Number and quality of drying
Sufficient amount the right kind of dirt has been found to have a significant effect on the wellbeing of the pig. In addition, the pig must be at his disposal chewable solid mushroom objects, such as wood chips or ropes. The law requires that pigs have access to both solid artificial items and daily toning material, but in normal production, their quantity and quality are far from adequate enough to meet the pig's needs.
Kuivikevaihtoehtoja There are a variety of such as straw, hemp, peat, sawdust and paper.
Driers offer there are thrills when it is offered a chance for toning. Toning is one of the most basic genetic behavioral needs of pigs and the opportunity to satisfy the genetic behavioral needs one of the most important individual factors for animal welfare.
preventive with its stimulating effect, behavioral disorders such as tail tailing.
In addition, they give the pig shed the opportunity to build a nest with a strong intrinsic need.
Some of the dry rollssuch as straw, also serve as a source of fiber, prevent stomach ulcer, and, besides tonking, allow an important mouth to satisfy the need for examination and chewing. The need for chewing is often unsuccessful in conventional brewing, as the mulching of the feed to the pig does not provide much to its mouth.
The law requires that pigs have access to both solid artificial items and daily toning material, but in normal production, their quantity and quality are far from adequate enough to meet the pig's needs.
Measures for pigs
Cut off the sleeves
Pigs' tail breaks are aimed at preventing the so-called tail biting, that is, to ensure that the piglets can not chew each other's skeet painfully to the blood. Stinging is classified as a behavioral disorder and it tells about the stress experienced by the pig. The stomach is usually performed without anesthesia and the pain caused by the procedure is not limited to the actual operation but is likely to cause chronic pain for months.
The existing EU directive prohibits the spearheading of pigs in the EU but allows it when no other means helps. Using this exemption, the pigs of pigs are cut in quite a few routines in many EU countries. In addition to Sweden and Lithuania, Finland is one of the few EU countries where the breakup of the tail is prohibited by national legislation and it does not happen at all.
By cutting off pigs' tail, the aim is to prevent the so-called tailing, ie to ensure that the piglets can not chew each other's snout painfully to the blood. Stinging is classified as a behavioral disorder and it tells about the stress experienced by the pig.
Because tailstock is primarily a stress disorder, alternatives to tail breaks can be found to shape the pig habitat. Strap does not in itself remove the underlying roots of a tail sting, but only makes it difficult to dislodge the stress and frustration of a pig on a friend's tail. However, finishing the snout does not make it impossible to tail off the tail, as the pigs can bite each other's snooped snout. There have been indications of, for example, Spain where truncated about 98,5% of the tail of pigs. In spite of the high cutoff rate, the Spanish slaughterhouses are more observers than tailing in Finland, where no tails are trimmed at all.
Instead, the stress of the pig can be reduced by providing them with enough straw or other tangible material, correct air temperature and quality, and good feeding design. Research has shown that the more pigs have straw or other virgin material, the less tails are found.
Healthy causes may also be the cause of stinging. In some studies, swine suffering from tonsillitis has been found to be more commonly associated with joint pain and tiny pertussis often suffering from mild airway infections.
Strap does not in itself remove the underlying roots of a tail sting, but only makes it difficult to dislodge the stress and frustration of a pig on a friend's tail.
Cutting or grinding teeth
The teeth of little puppets are shortened either cutting off tai by grinding and it is about to prevent the damages caused to sows.
The Finnish law allows for the shrinkage or grinding of teeth below the 7 24-year-old piglets shorter but can not be done as a routine measure, but only after all other means have been used and the proper care of the pigs and the sufficiency of the milk have been assured.
In practice, the measure has been found to be somewhat unnecessary in Finland and it is uncommon on domestic farms.
The teeth of the little puppets are shortened either by cutting or grinding, and they are used to prevent damages to the sows.
Severing and grinding teeth involves a serious risk of mouth and joint inflammation if the core of the tooth is revealed as a result of the procedure and opens the bacteria to the direct pathway to the body. For this reason, the teeth should remain smooth and smooth after cutting. The action must be carried out by a competent person only.
In Finnish organic production, only the grinding of pig teeth is allowed and can not be shortened by cutting.
It may also be possible to prevent damages to the emak by increasing the number of stimuli for piglets
Castor duck castration
boar piglets castration is aimed at preventing the smell of beef in the flesh of mature boars and unpleasant. In addition, non-castrated dog breeds begin to behave aggressively towards each other as a result of reaching maturity, which makes their breeding difficult and supports the need for castration. Castration is most often performed surgically, i.e., incision in piglet scrotum and manually removing the testes.
In Finland, the EU legislation on castration is followed by a law that allows a person of less than a week old to be castrated by a skilled person without anesthesia and pain relief. In Finland, however, most of the premises have moved to perform pain relief in the operation.
In Finland, the EU legislation on castration is followed by a law that allows a person of less than a week old to be castrated by a skilled person without anesthesia and pain relief. In Finland, however, a large part of the premises have moved to perform pain relief in the operation, ie using pain relievers that relieve post-operative pain but do not affect the pain during the operation. Castor duck casting is also permitted in organic production, but pain relief is an absolute prerequisite for the production of organic certification.
Alternatives without anesthesia and pain relief to castration are performed by either local anesthesia or anesthesia. Although it is associated with anesthesia, it is their own risks, and current methods do not always promote animal welfare. Surgical castration can also be replaced by immunocastration, which is a vaccine to be given by an injection of beef sting. The necessity of a dredging operation can also be overcome by slaughtering cattle ducks earlier than before, so that their meat does not have time to catch the bark smell.
On the farm of Ollikkala, animal welfare is a priority
The pigs appearing in this article are the state of Ollikkala Olkipossujaby our Managing Director They went out recently to say hello. Olfactory Olkpussi is a good example of how animal welfare can be taken into account in pig production.
A recipe for the state of Olive Oil for the welfare of pigs
Very abundant straw drying
- Enable pigs tonkimiskäyttäytymisen.
- provides sows the opportunity to build a nest for his piglets.
- Runs to warm up, among which the pigs are comfortable to dig.
- Imee humidity and keep the indoor air fresh
In conventional production, the use of cuttings is often inadequate and pigs are only entitled to the minimum required by law, which usually means a handful of a day.
The right thrills
Ollikkala Olkiposusta has plenty of use wooden spindles and sometimes they get up to full small trees to their shoulder straps.
Conventional production, in turn, often uses hard plastics or metal constructions that are virtually unfit for pigs, which do not equally well meet the need for cheeks to chew as wood-like materials to which it can immerse their teeth.
Opportunity for genuinely behaved
Pigs live all of their life is free from the midst of straw, and they are never shut down in cages.
There are pigs princely space, freedom to move, and to choose their whereabouts.
Free The group passage conforms the pig's natural way to the pig and treats the post-natal.
Emo gets breastfeeding their piglets 9 per week, which is the natural age of pigs to leave the nest. The sow will even begin to wiggle their piglets when they are about 8 a week old. In normal production, piglets are weaned from the mother at about four weeks.
little Piglets live with their peers and peers, so they learn social skills, and do not deceive their life so easily in fighting with their peers. In addition, sows teach other important things for piglets such as eating solid food.
Piglets in Ollikkala is hardly flattened under her parents, because she has a carcass structure developed by her own people. It protects the piglets by guiding the sitter and making it easier to lie down.
Efforts to live as stressful as possible
In addition to all the above, the stress levels of Ollikkala shoulder straps are kept as low as possible by the following means:
Pigs live all in the same group of their lives, with the same familiar cousins. They are not stressed at any stage by bringing new individuals into the group. Olfibs also live their whole life in Ollikkala, and do not move them from one place to another according to the growth phase.
In normal production, however, it is common for pigs to swap places and flocks according to the growth phase, which is likely to raise their stress levels.
On the farm of Ollikkala the surgical castration of bee stems has been abandoned and replaced by inoculation by immunocastration. The measure does not cause the animal any more pain than other vaccines to be given to it, so it is much less painful and stressful than the surgical castration.
Immunocastration works like a vaccine and is based on an antibody secreted by the pig's own immune defense, as a result of which the smell of boar does not form an immunocastric pig's meat, nor does it easily interfere with the breed.
The immunoconstration contains two vaccines, the first of which is given when the pig is at least 8 weeks of age and the other 4-6 weeks before the slaughter.
Immunocastral vaccine has no withdrawal time, and the eating of immunocastric bovine meat is completely safe.
When is the time, the pigs are transported densely loaded to the Paija estate compartment in Urjala. Paia's farm is also producing meat of Free Pig. The owner of the Ollikkala carries the pigs themselves to the slaughterhouse. Slaughter takes place unhurriedly and in a peaceful environment. Respect for the animal and the pursuit of stresslessness will therefore remain the beginning of the pig's life.
- Low poison mortality
- Healthy and long-lasting sows
- No fighting or stress behavior
- Well-behaved animals
Tips for buying an ethical Christmas stick
Okay, the basic principles of ethical ham are held, but what exactly does it know which ham is really ethical and which is not it?
No worries! We met the matching tips for buying an ethical Christmas ring:
Know the origin of your ham. For example, in Germany or Denmark, it is customary to truncate the tail of pigs so that they do not chew the bloodshed of each other due to unsuitable living conditions for their species. In addition, there are many antibiotics used there. Find out about the small pig farms and their pork breeding principles. Make careful background work and afford enough time.
Be in time for traffic, as ethical Christmas kink can be sold quickly to completion.
Ask questions and ask for recommendations from other ethical ham buyers, for example in social media.
Inventories of trade the options available on the shelves. If pork pouch is found for example Free pork label, it is a product whose production has been taken into account in animal welfare. Free piggy meat products are part of well-stocked grocery stores around Finland.
If you do not find ethical ham in your neighborhood store, you can ask your merchant to see them in their selections. Many merchants are happy to listen to their customers' wishes and try to take them into account.
Be in time for traffic, as ethical christmas kitchens can be quickly sold out.
Ethical ham You may also consider buying it through direct mail distribution such as Reko-rinki or directly from the farm. In this case, thorough background work is absolutely essential, as local food does not automatically guarantee food.
In Finnish organic farms free throwing is an absolute prerequisite for granting an organic certificate and organic cheeses can in that respect be an important alternative to "ordinary" ham. However, it would be preferable to create a creature other than Christmas and Midsummer so that the production of organic products would remain profitable throughout the year, and producers would not run out of the off-season due to the low demand for their products.
Whether it is organic or Free Pig, year-round steady and as high demand is the best way to ensure availability of products and possible future improvement in supply.
Why ethically produced ham is more expensive than other pork?
The Creation and Free Piggy Pinks cost about 17 per kilogram, the usual price of ham when the price of 5-8 is known to the euro. The difference in prices is explained by the fact that the welfare of pigs will give rise to additional costs for the producer, which must be returned to the price of the finished product, ie the ham.
For example, in the pig farm in Ollikkala, pigs have far more room to move and reside than the average, ie the number of animals is much less than those in the same size would be permitted under the law. In a free group pass such as the Ollikkala farm, the poultry farms can not fit the same number of sows at a time as crates placed next to normal production. Thus, annually fewer piglets are produced in the holding than in conventional cage production.
For example, in the pig farm in Ollikkala, pigs have far more room to move and reside than the average, ie the number of animals is much less than those in the same size would be permitted under the law.
These factors also improve the well-being of pigs, which naturally increase the price of salt of ham, as investing in the welfare of pigs means that a smaller amount of pigs must receive such a price that covers the higher costs incurred in their care and allow for future animal welfare.
In addition, in normal production pigs are given a handful of grains per day, whereas in Ollikkala there is no saving in the amount of straw. In Ollikkala, pig farms are dried up with such a fine hand that pigs have the opportunity to crawl in the shells and dig into them. Abundant drying of pigs' pigs is a major concern for the welfare of pigs but increases the production costs for the producer. This is also reflected in higher kilograms of ethical ham.
When you buy ethical honey, you will not pay for anything but being part of ensuring the welfare of pigs and creating vital demand for ethical pork products.
Why is it worth the effort?
The acquisition of an ethical Christmas ring may make any background work seem to be affected by a cumbersome process. However, the effort is worthwhile because investing in the purchase of an ethical Christmas stick will at the same time give their contribution to the welfare of pigs.
Switching to ethical production is not a breakthrough for the producers, for example, the transition to free-throw can not be achieved by removing only cages and allowing sows to snoop. Changing the piggery piggery to a free horseshoe requires great changes in the pig structure and requires a reduction in the number of animals as well as possibly increased labor force. All this means from the point of view of the producer as well as large financial investments and the taking of big risks as to whether there is sufficient demand for ethically produced pork to cover increased production costs and investments made. So, for understandable reasons, pigmeat producers are cautious with such big decisions.
Switching to ethical production is not a breakthrough for the producers, for example, the transition to free-throw can not be achieved by removing only cages and allowing sows to snoop.
At present there are only a handful of ethical pork producers in Finland and they could fit in this country with Warranty. In this equation, the behavior of a consumer, that is, every hammer, becomes a key position as it produces products that consumers are buying. Although acquiring ethical ham may seem to be demanding at the moment, it may have a beneficial effect on longer. Every consumer can, by his own purchasing decisions, encourage pigmeat producers to invest in the welfare of their animals.
If there were more pigs in Finland, such as pig farms for free piglets and alternative castration methods, the availability of ethical pork would be improved and it would be easier to shop around than usual grocery stores while doing other shopping. In the long run, buying ethical pork and increasing its demand would thus greatly contribute to the lives of pigs, producers, traders and consumers alike.
The choices and purchasing decisions of every hamster will therefore affect the future of the pigs in Finland, so nothing more than purchasing pants for foot and ham shops!